Cyprus is an island country located in the Eastern Mediterranean. It is the third largest island in the Mediterranean and is divided into two main parts: the Republic of Cyprus, which is the internationally recognized government, and the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, which is recognized only by Turkey. The island has a rich history and culture, with influences from Greece, Rome, and the Ottoman Empire. Visitors can explore ancient ruins, such as the mosaics at Paphos and the tombs at Salamis, or enjoy the island's beaches and scenic countryside. Nicosia is the capital and largest city of Cyprus.